TELE-audiovision - Weltweit größte Digital TV Fachzeitschrift - page 161

Wideband transponder
1 -12/2013 —
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same bandwidth but the signal is more
sensitive to interference and noise. 64
APSK will be used in professional set-
ups with large antennas rather than in
DTH transmissions.
Probably the same goes true for the
last extension mentioned in the begin-
ning of this article: more MODCOM and
FEC values. These parameters gener-
ally describe how big overhead is intro-
duced in the data stream to the use-
ful payload. The overhead in bit rate is
needed for error correction. Once we
have more possibilities here, we can
almost smoothly change the propor-
tion between useful and corrective bits
in order to find a minimum overhead
still ensuring faultless processing. Such
thing is possible when we have a point-
to-point two-way communication. In
case of a reception problem, the sys-
tem automatically adjusts MODCOM/
Also the wideband transponders
described above require the recep-
tion system to be of a higher perfor-
mance because the carrier-to-noise
ratio degrades proportionally with the
bandwidth increase. The best way to
maintain a good C/R is to use a bigger
dish. Therefore, it is not certain if wide-
band transponders will be used for DTH
broadcasts. After all, not too many end
users will be eager to replace their 60-
90 cm dishes with larger ones.
That’s why the experts assume that in
DTH transmissions only about 20% in-
crease in the efficiency is realistic while
in professional links even 64% would be
possible. Anyway, we can not say today
which particular extension proposals
will be included in the eventual settle-
ment of the DVB-S3 standard. Maybe
only some of the above, maybe all of
them. We will not be surprised though
if brand new concepts are worked out
in meantime and included in the new
One thing is for sure: the improve-
ments will enable higher useful data
rates in the existing satellite commu-
nication channels and this will be an
important factor enabling UHDTV and
other wideband services.
Figure 2. Reducing side lobes by more efficient filtering contributes to better bandwidth utilization.
Figure 3. Wideband transponders use frequency spectrum more efficiently.
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