99.0W (Ka-Band)
101.0W (Ku-Band)
103.0W (Ka-Band)
Low: 18.3-18.8 GHz
High: 19.7-20.2 GHz
12.2-12.7 GHz
Low: 18.3-18.8 GHz
High: 19.7-20.2 GHz
Low: 250-750MHz
High: 1660-2150MHz
Low: 250-750MHz
High: 1660-2150MHz
05-06/2013 —
TELE-audiovision International —
duty charges could be significantly
high. Note that along with the SL3 you
would also need a B-band converter
(often labeled BBC). The DirecTV SL3
LNB would cost about US$30 and the
B-band converter would run about
US$10. Don‘t forget to factor in the
shipping costs and the customs duties.
For this report I experimented with
both LNBs with the following results:
The LNB for the Irish TV provider
is very easy to work with since it fits
nicely in a standard universal LNB
mount. Simply replace the existing
universal LNB with this one and just
like that you‘re working in the Ka-band
although it‘ll only be in the 19.7 to 20.2
GHz range.
If you install this LNB in an exist-
ing motorized antenna system, you‘ll
quickly get a feel for what‘s out there
in the Ka-band. You can drive the an-
tenna to every known satellite posi-
tion and use a signal analyzer to see
if there are any active Ka-band tran-
To make a long story short, from
my location here in Portugal with this
„White Ka“ LNB I could only identify
one transponder at 13.0E and eight
transponders at 9.0E. The transpond-
ers on EUTELSAT 9.0E belong to the
TooWay Internet service. The single
transponder on HOTBIRD at 13.0E is
also used for satellite-based Internet
service. To confirm this I connected
an older satellite modem and, sure
enough, I was able to achieve a lock
on that corresponding frequency.
But that was it! With this LNB and
an 80cm antenna there were no other
transponders that could be found from
39.0E to 30.0W.
Why couldn‘t I receive the Irish TV
provider Saorsat? They broadcast sev-
en RTÉ channels in DVB-S2 that hap-
pen to be unencrypted. The answer is
quite simple: EUTELSAT 9.0E utilizes
spot beams. With these extremely
Ka-band LNB
mounted at a rotary
60cm consumer dish
or 8PSK modulation, I couldn‘t do any-
thing with these transponders.
Next was the SL3 LNB from DirecTV.
This LNB is actually made up of three
LNBs all built into one metallic form as
a multifeed LNB. This multifeed LNB
also has a built-in multiswitch that
feeds the three satellite signals to four
independent outputs. As is typical with
multifeeds, these LNBs are mounted
in such a way that the three satellites
(99.0W, 101.0W and 103.0W) can all be
received at the same time.
This created problems with DXers,
especially with motorized antennas,
since the two Ka LNBs are positioned
in such a way that a two degree cor-
rection is needed. With DiSEqC motors
like the SG2100 you can expect four
impulses per degree.
The table at top puts it all together
for the SL3 LNB (table 2).
The LNBs polarization is left or right
small footprints, this package can be
beamed with great precision to Ire-
land; even along the British coast, with
a few exceptions, nothing can be re-
ceived anymore.
These spot beams provide the fol-
lowing advantages for a satellite pro-
• Transponders can be broadcast to
very clearly defined regions and that
basically eliminates the need for en-
cryption like that taking place in Aus-
tria for example.
• The transponder frequencies can
be used much more efficiently since
the same frequency can be reused in
other spot beams. TooWay essentially
uses the same frequency across all of
Europe but depending on your loca-
tion, different transponders would be
used. This technique would allow the
use of significantly higher bandwidths
than could be used before.
And, with that, the
test of this Ka-band
LNB came to
an end. Since
TooWay does
not use QPSK
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